Rosacea is a common but poorly understood long-term (chronic) skin condition that mainly affects the face. Symptoms begin with episodes of flushing (when the skin turns red).
What is the symptoms of Rosacea?
- Burning and stinging sensations
- Redness that is permanent
- Small blood vessels in the skin that are visible
- Thick and enlarged skin usually around the nose(in severe cases)
What triggers Rosacea?
While the exact cause of rosacea is unknown, there are several triggers that have been identified that could make the condition worse which include the following below
- Sunlight exposure
- Cold weather (wind)
- Certain medications, such as vasodilator drugs
- Hot drinks
- Spicy foods
There is no cure for rosacea, but treatments are available to control symptoms.
Rosacea is a chronic and relapsing condition, which means there are periods when symptoms are particularly bad, followed by periods when the condition is less severe.
As well as avoiding known triggers, certain medicines can help control flare ups.
As rosacea can affect your appearance, some people find they experience feelings of low self-esteem or frustration. You should speak to your GP if you are feeling depressed.
Who is affected?
Rosacea appears to be quite common, and is estimated to affect up to one in 10 people. It most commonly affects people with fair skin, but can also occur in people of Asian and African origin.
Rosacea occurs in both men and women and may occur at any age. However, it typically begins after the age of 30. Middle-aged women are more at risk due to hot flushes caused by the menopause.